In general, data governance refers to the overall management of the availability, usability, integrity, quality, and security of data. It is both an organizational process and a structure. Data governance establishes responsibility for data, organizing program area/agency staff to collaboratively and continuously improve data quality through the systematic creation and enforcement of policies, roles, responsibilities, and procedures. Data governance is necessary for creating clear roles and responsibilities for each member of the project team. This brief provides an overview of data governance issues.